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Citing Online Sources

This is a suggested format for citing the most common types of online material in printed texts; it is derived from advice given in various sources (listed at the end). The list of references also serves as examples of the formats suggested. Details such as the order of citation elements and the format of dates are matters for the house style of the publisher.

This guide was first published in the alt.usage.english FAQ, which contains a great deal of useful information about English usage and grammar.

FTP/Gopher/Telnet

Cite these using the URL format described under World Wide Web below.

Usenet news articles

The standard form of citation is:

<author’s name> <<e-mail address>> <subject> Article <<message-id>> in Usenet newsgroup <newsgroup>, <date>

World Wide Web

The standard format for a Web citation is:

<author’s name> <title of document> <<URL>> <date of document> (Accessed <date accessed>)

Sources

These are the main sources of information for this article:

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Copyright © Michael Quinion, 1996–. All rights reserved.
Page created 11 Feb. 1998
Last updated: 19 May 2010

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The English language is forever changing. New words appear; old ones fall out of use or alter their meanings. World Wide Words tries to record at least a part of this shifting wordscape by featuring new words, word histories, words in the news, and the curiosities of native English speech.

World Wide Words is copyright © Michael Quinion, 1996–. All rights reserved.
This page URL: http://www.worldwidewords.org/articles/citation.htm
Last modified: 19 May 2010.