Q From Bob Patrick: How did military food come to be known as chow?
A We don’t know all the ins and outs of this one, but the basic facts seem to be fairly clear. Its immediate origin is a Chinese-English pidgin which was used by indentured Chinese labourers who built the railroads in and into California last century. It seems that the original was the repeated chow chow, and in that form it’s recorded in a glossary prepared by a member of the staff of the British embassy in Beijing at the end of the eighteenth century. One theory is that chow chow originally referred to a preserve of ginger and orange peel in syrup, or possibly a mixed vegetable pickle. It is also said to derive from the Chinese word ch’ao, meaning “to fry or cook”. Its pidgin use in an institutional or communal context in California seems to be why it still has links with military or prison life. So far as we know, it has nothing to do with the dog of the same name, which is probably connected with the Chou dynasty.
Search World Wide Words
Recently added or updated
E31; Old fogey; Ampersand; Phizzog; Horse creature; Get one’s goat; Mammock; Mx; Stepney; Vape; No names, no pack drill; Bridegroom; Lilly-low; The Language Myth by Vyvyan Evans; Boot and trunk; Zoilism; Fish-faced; Poach; Immensikoff.
Support World Wide Words!
Donate via PayPal. Select your currency from the list and click Donate.
Buy from Amazon and get me a small commission at no cost to you. Select your preferred site and click Go!