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Sennight

Pronounced /ˈsɛnaɪt/Help with pronunciation

Among Germanic peoples it was once normal to record the passage of time by the number of nights rather than days. Sennight is an abbreviation of the fuller phrase seven nights, hence a week. So Sir Thomas Malory wrote in Le Mort d’Arthur (1485): “They sojourned there a sennight, and were well eased of their wounds, and at the last departed”.

It has been written in various ways down the centuries, for example as sen’night and sevennight. The same process led to fortnight from fourteen nights.

It’s a quirk of the language that fortnight has survived as standard British English (though not American) while sennight is now defunct. It did last into the twentieth century in some areas as a dialect term, though eventually driven out by competition with the shorter week.

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Copyright © Michael Quinion, 1996–. All rights reserved.

Page created 25 Apr. 1998
Last updated 2 May 1998

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The English language is forever changing. New words appear; old ones fall out of use or alter their meanings. World Wide Words tries to record at least a part of this shifting wordscape by featuring new words, word histories, words in the news, and the curiosities of native English speech.

World Wide Words is copyright © Michael Quinion, 1996–. All rights reserved.
This page URL: http://www.worldwidewords.org/weirdwords/ww-sen1.htm
Last modified: 2 May 1998.